Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore https://www.holisticpetcentre.com Singapore First Holistic Pet Centre Sun, 12 Aug 2018 06:49:22 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.8 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/cropped-favicon-1-32x32.jpg Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore https://www.holisticpetcentre.com 32 32 Are Essential Oils Safe for your pet dogs and cats https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2018/07/01/essential-oils-safe-pet-dogs-cats/ Sun, 01 Jul 2018 04:25:38 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=5108 The post Are Essential Oils Safe for your pet dogs and cats appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.




In memory of Jill – The Fighter

are essential oils really safe FOR OUR PETS?

We are no strangers to essential oils. Ask any pet owners about SaveMyJill Facebook and they will let you know that we were once the biggest spenders of Essential Oils. Fast forward to today, we have realized that Essential oils as a complementary modality, when used with knowledge and in moderate, can benefit animals. But it should not be used independently and ignore all other proper medical care.


Between 2014 to 2018, we have seen a huge increase in essential oils usage amongst Singapore’s pet owners. The two big brands of Essential Oils, Young Living and Doterra are very aggressive with their marketing efforts, gathering thousands of resellers (both companies are actually a Multilevel Marketing company). Before embarking on essential oils based on the advice of a reseller, particularly from MLM , do check their credentials

LET’S UNDERSTAND – therapeutic vs low grade or SYNTHETIC oils

Synthetic oils are products that are manufactured that has the same smell of essential oils. They come in packaging identical to any essential oils and you can never judge them by the prices. Depending on the company producing them, they can either be cheaper or more expensive than authentic pure Essential Oils. Synthetic oils have no therapeutic benefit for our pets, and they can be harmful when applied to the skin.

Authentic Pure Essential Oils are what we are discussing and not all Authentic Pure Essential Oils are made the same. The quality and prices of therapeutic essential oils vary, depending on the crop conditions, the type of harvesting and the distillation process.

A few essential oils are less expensive than their synthetically produced counterparts such as lemon, orange, pine and some lavender but they are also more volatile.

There are 4 different categories of essential oils and if you are using them on your pets, read the reports of your essential oils so you are aware of what you are using.

Category 1 : In this category, essential oils are pure and therapeutic quality. They are made from mostly organically grown plants, distilled at the proper temperatures using steam distillation. The therapeutic quality is dependent on environmental factors (where the crops are grown, soil type, type of fertilizers), physical factors including how the crops are being harvested, how the oils are being distilled and bottled.

Category 2 : In this category, the essential oils are marketed as Food Grade. They may contain synthetics, pesticides, fertilizers, chemical/synthetic extenders, or carrier oils.

Category 3 : In this category, the oils are perfume grade and may contain the same type of adulterating chemicals as food grade oils.

Category 4 : Hydrosols or Floral Water, is a by-product of the distillation process. It can be very high quality if the by product comes from Category 1. They are generally found in skin and hair products. This grade has some therapeutic quality.

Essential Safety ReportReputable essential oil manufacturers will release or publish full details of what is in their essential oil. Always look for essential oil manufacturers that are transparent with what goes on in their oils.

essential oil label and websiteIt is almost impossible for most essential oil manufacturers to print their reports on the essential oil labels. It would be recommended before buying any oils, check with their website. Most independent and non MLM essential oil manufacturers will publish the required information and each batch will be verified by independent chemists.


AVOID the use of the following essential oils when working with animals, pets. The list below are considered as toxic and unsafe to use with any pets.

  1. Birch Sweet* (Betula lenta)
  2. Bitter Almond (Prunus amygdalus var. amara)
  3. Boldo (Peumus boldus)
  4. Calamus (Acorus calamus)
  5. Camphor (Cinnamomun camphora)
  6. Cassia (Cinnamomum cassia)
  7. Cinnamon Bark (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)
  8. Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)*
  9. Mustard (Brassica nigra)
  10. Oregano (Origanum vulgare)*
  11. Parsley Leaf (Petroselinum crispum) and Parsleyseed (Petroselinum sativum)
  12. Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)
  13. Rue (Ruta graveolens)
  14. Sage Dalmation (Salvia officinalis)
  15. Sage Spanish (Salvia lavandulaefolia)
  16. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
  17. Savin (Juniperus sabina)
  18. Savory Winter (Satureja Montana) and Savory Summer (Satureja hortensis)
  19. Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
  20. Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)*avoid use with cats and dogs
  21. Thuja (Thuja occidentalis)
  22. Thyme White and Thyme Red (Thyme linalool is a safer version to use).
  23. Wintergreen* (Gaultheria procumbens)
  24. Wormseed (Chenopodium ambrosioides)
  25. Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

Both Birch and Wintergreen essential oils contain methyl salicylate (compounds found in analgesics such as aspirin). Both of these essential oils, especially wintergreen are hard to come by, and even ‘wintergreen’ has been pulled from shelves if the proper tamper-resistant bottling and warnings required by the FDA do not appear on the labeling. Most wintergreen-type products are actually comprised of synthetic methyl salicylate.


USE CAUTION with the following essential oils when working with your pet dogs and cats. Some essential oils can cause photo-sensitivity skin issues such as dermatitis, irritation, brown spotting and even worst, photo-toxic reactions that manifest as boils and burns, from the photo-reaction caused due to a sunlight-related irritation. This is due to certain chemical constituents of specific essential oils that are considered photo-toxic.

A very important thing to keep in mind when using single essential oil or creating a blend that contains one or more of the following photo-toxic essential oils that will be used a topical application on the body. This type of reaction can occur if the pet is exposed to direct sunlight orm UV lamps over the next 12 – 24 hours.

One particular chemical component to look for is FURANOCOUMARIN (commonly found in most citrus oils, including Bergamot, Citrus Aurantium Subsp. Bergamia). FCF, also known as Furano-Coumarin-Free, essential oil is distilled from the expressed oils or whole fruit. However, in arometherapy use, most aromatherapists gravitate to the aroma and use of the non-altered pure essential oil verses the FCF version. It is suggested that pet owners should use the cold pressed bergamot oil more so for diffusing and inhalation therapy, and use the FCF version for topical use, especially with animals that will be outside for a long period of time.

  1. Angelica Root (Angelica archangelica)
  2. Bergamot (Citrus aurantium ssp. Bergamia)* cold pressed/expressed form
  3. Lemon (Citrus limon)* cold pressed/expressed form
  4. Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)* cold pressed/expressed form
  5. Orange bitter (Citrus aurantium) cold pressed/expressed form

The list of essential oils below are non-phototoxic, however, when used for topical application, use in diluted applications and check for any reactions on the skin of your pet.

  1. Bergamot (Citrus aurantium ssp. Bergamia) distilled version
  2. Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) cold pressed/expressed
  3. Lemon (Citrus limon) distilled version
  4. Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) distilled version
  5. Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) cold pressed/expressed
  6. Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) cold pressed/expressed
  7. Tangerine (Citrus reticulata) cold pressed/expressed

Additional information on photosensitivity and photo-toxic type essential oils, visit the NAHA website safety page: http://www.naha.org/explore-aromatherapy/safety/


USE CAUTION with the following list of essential oils when working with your pets.

Please note that all essential oils have the possibility of causing irritation in one way or another. Whether it is due to the essential oil’s actual aroma-scent, chemical composition, contraindications, poor quality, oxidized and older oils or because a pet is hypersensitive, it is important to be aware of possible irritations that can arise.

The following essential oils are known for their irritation-causing symptoms such as: dermatitis, skin rash/irritation, and sensitization, as well as those that can irritate mucus membranes. If used over long periods of time and with excessive amounts cell damage can occur causing the skin to be damaged until the ‘irritant’ is removed.

  • Bay (Pimenta racemosa): contains eugenol. Bay (Laurus nobilis) is safer species to use (however it can cause skin irritation issues with some clients).
  • Clove Leaf/Bud/Stem (Eugenia caryophyllata): Clove has historically been used for ‘tooth-aches’/infections, immune system support and deep-rooted pain (arthritis). Clove oil can be irritant-type oil to the skin and mucus membranes.
  • May Chang (Litsea cubeba): is a milder-type oil, but can cause skin irritation and sensitization issues in some clients.
  • Melissa (Melissa officinalis): can be a ‘possible’ irritant, and ‘sensitizing’ type of essential oil. Often times this is due to poor quality or fake oil being sold as pure Melissa oil. This might be advertised or listed on the label as ‘nature identical’ or a blend of different reconstituted oil.
  • Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)*: can cause allergic reactions (some animals have severe negative reactions). Tea Tree is also known for sensitization (more so from overuse, poor quality, oxidized and older oils).
  • Thyme Oils (Thymus spp.): due to the phenol content thyme oils can irritate the skin and mucous membranes and cause sensitization issues. It is very important to ‘know’ which thyme species you are purchasing and for what use/client. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris C.T. linalool) is the only thyme oil that when cautions are followed may be used with some animals.
  • Turpentine oil (Pinus spp.) (I included this oil on the list since it is often found in equine-type hoof care products.) This oil is not used in true aromatherapy.

For additional information on an irritant type (dermal and mucus membrane) essential oils, visit the NAHA website safety page: http://www.naha.org/explore-aromatherapy/safety/


USE CAUTION with the following list of essential oils when working with your pets who are epilecptic or have seizure disorders.

  • Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum): both aniseed and sweet fennel are very similar in their stimulating properties. Both should be avoided in use with epileptics.
  • Fennel (Foeniculum vulgaris): both sweet fennel and aniseed are very similar in their stimulating properties. Both should be avoided in use with epileptics.
  • Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis): terpene ketone components caused epileptic crises in laboratory rats (1). Highly stimulating oil not recommended for use with epileptics.
  • Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis): all chemotypes, highly stimulating oil and camphor-like not recommended for use with epileptics.
  • Sage (Salvia officinals): high in thujone content and very stimulating essential oil not recommended for use with epileptics.
  • Spike Lavender (Lavendula spica/latifolia): camphor-like odor, very stimulating essential oil not recommended for use with epileptics.

Keep in mind any other aroma-scents and smells that can trigger or add to the client having a seizure. This will be an important part of the health-history intake when consulting with client’s caretaker.

Essential oils that may be useful for epilepsy and seizure disorders:

Most of the ‘calming’ type oils and those that are not too strong in odors or camphor-type scent.

  • Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
  • Neroli (Citrus aurantium var. amara)
  • Sweet Marjoram (Origanum marjorana)
  • Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis)
  • Tangerine (Citrus reticulata blanco)
  • Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata)

The post Are Essential Oils Safe for your pet dogs and cats appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Why You Should Fast Your Dog https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2017/10/12/why-you-should-fast-your-dog/ Wed, 11 Oct 2017 16:56:45 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=4485 The post Why You Should Fast Your Dog appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


Why You Should Fast Your Dog

Creating and maintaining a strong immune system is an important part of good health.  Toxins like vaccines, wormers, drugs and processed foods all present a challenge to the immune system, making our dogs more susceptible to disease and parasites.

Despite our efforts to the contrary, our dogs are exposed to a number of toxins every day including  hormones, vaccines and antibiotics in their meat, genetically modified and processed foods, hard metals and pesticides.

The dog’s digestive system does much more than simply digest food.  Approximately 80% of your dog’s immunity is found in his gut.

The dog’s intestinal tract has the ability to identify and destroy alien substances such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and chemical toxins.

It also has a built-in memory to recall the specific type of invader next time it presents a threat.

Find out how this one weed, commonly found in your backyard, can help with your dog’s digestive issues!

Additionally, the immune system is also an internal communication system comprised of a network of integrated cells to protect your dog.

When there is a faulty connection, messages sent to the immune cells are misinterpreted and the ability to differentiate between your dog’s own cells and the invaders ceases and it begins to destroy healthy cells and tissues.

This presents as autoimmune disorders including allergies, arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies, yeast overgrowth, liver disease and cancer.

Periodic house cleaning is essential for a strong immune system. The burden of digestion demands all of the resources of the immune system.

If your dog is constantly digesting food, the immune system does not have the time or resources to stay in peak form. Regular fasting can help the immune system detoxify years of toxic build-up and restore normal homeostatic balance.

Benefits of Regular Fasting

Elevated Macrophage Activity: Macrophages engulf and destroy bacteria, viruses and other foreign substances. They can ingest worn-out or abnormal body cells. Macrophages form an important first line of defense against harmful particles that have reached the body’s interior.

Bolstering the body’s macrophages is often a course of treatment recommended for autoimmune diseases and even some forms of cancer.  Once the macrophages and other immune system components have essentially digested the body’s dead cells, the cells make their way through the bloodstream and eventually into the digestive system for final disposition.

This means that the solid waste we call fecal matter is largely composed of dead cells sloughed off by the various organs and processed for elimination by macrophages. This process is dramatically increase during fasting as catabolism increases cellular breakdown to be utilized for fuel.

Increased Immunoglobulin Levels: Immunoglobulin is used to provide passive immunity to a variety of diseases such as immune mediated hemolytic anemia.

Increased Neutrophil Bactericidal Activity: Neutrophils engulf bacteria and other microorganisms. When a bacterium is engulfed by a neutrophil, a metabolic process within the granules produces hydrogen peroxide and a highly active form of oxygen called “superoxide”, which destroy the ingested bacteria.

Heightened Monocyte Killing and Bacterial Function: Monocytes are capable of ingesting infectious agents and other large particles. Monocytes usually enter areas of inflamed tissue or at sites of chronic infections.

Enhanced Natural Killer Cell Activity:Natural killer cells were first recognized in 1975. Researchers observed cells in the blood and lymphoid tissues that could kill tumor cells and cells infected with viruses. Most immunologists feel that natural killer cells play an important part in checking the growth of tumor cells and cells infected with some viruses.

Clinical Research

An experiment was conducted by Mark Mattson and his team at the National Institute on Aging. Mattson fed mice nothing every other day. The mice could eat as much as they wanted on the days in between, and they did. They pigged out. They ended up eating very nearly double what normal mice eat in a day.

But fasting every other day caused them to live longer and healthier lives. A lot longer and a lot healthier. The researchers don’t exactly know what to make of it. Mattson said, “We think what happens is going without food imposes a mild stress on the cells, and cells respond by increasing their ability to cope with more severe stress.” He said maybe it’s similar to what happens when you lift weights: You stress your muscles and they respond by growing stronger.

Near the very end of the study, they injected all the mice (those fasting every other day, and those eating a normal diet) with a toxin that damages the cells in the same part of the brain Alzheimer’s damages in humans (the hippocampus). Mattson and his team later looked at the brains of the mice and found that those that had been fasting every other day suffered less damage to their brain cells.

Recent studies suggest that such fasting may also promote recovery after acute spinal cord injury. Specifically, Drs. Ward Plunet and Wolfram Tetzlaff (photo), University of British Columbia randomized rats with experimental cervical injuries into control animals with free access to food, and those with access only every other day starting immediately after injury.

Compared to controls, fasted rats had improved functional recovery, smaller injury-site lesions, and increased neuronal regeneration.

The investigators concluded that EOD-fasting “can have benefits when initiated after the insult” … “Most importantly, intermittent fasting is a safe and simple multifaceted treatment that could be clinically implemented to improve functional recovery in patients.”

Tetzlaff noted:

We believe that a rigorous re-evaluation of nutritional guidelines for acutely injured patients is in order,” and are planning more basic-science experiments (toward a mechanistic understanding as well as a further corroboration of the principle in different SCI-lesion models). Hopefully this will provide the basis for clinical trials.

The investigators think that fasting affects the body’s immune response, resulting in fewer, regeneration-blocking immune cells reaching the injury site.

Fasting your dog every week or so can yield tremendous health benefits.  Make sure he has plenty of water and only fast adult dogs:  puppies need a much more regular source of nutrition.

The post Why You Should Fast Your Dog appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Grades of Sang Hwang – Phellinus Linteus and Phellinus Igniarius https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2017/07/21/sang-hwang-phellinus-linteus-igniarius/ Fri, 21 Jul 2017 15:13:16 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=4349 The post Grades of Sang Hwang – Phellinus Linteus and Phellinus Igniarius appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


What is Sang Hwang?

Phellinus linteus (Japanese “meshimakobu”, Chinese “song gen”, Korean “sanghwang”, English “Meshima”, American English “black hoof mushroom”) is a medicinal mushroom used in Japan, Korea and China for centuries to prevent ailments as diverse as gastroenteric dysfunction, diarrhea, haemorrhage and cancers.It is shaped like a hoof, has a bitter taste, and in the wild grows on mulberry trees. The stem’s color ranges from dark brown to black. In Korean traditional medicine, the mushroom is consumed in the form of hot tea.

According to Harvard Medical School, extracts from Phellinus Linteus contain potential anti-cancer agents. The British Journal of Cancer reported that the Phellinus Linteus mushroom was able to disrupt and curtail the performance of the AKT enzyme and hence preventing further development of breast cancer.

Nine compounds were isolated from the active ethylacetate fraction of the fruiting body and identified as protocatechuic acid, protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, ellagic acid, hispidin, davallialactone, hypholomine B, interfungins A and inoscavin A of which interfungins A is a potent inhibitor of protein glycation.

Extracts from fruit-bodies or mycelium of Phellinus linteus stimulate the hormonal and cell-mediated immune function; quench the inflammatory reactions caused by a variety of stimuli, and suppress tumor growth and metastasis.

Extracts of this mushroom have anti-bacterial properties too. The methanoextracts contain compounds, (CHCl3, n-BuOH and H2O), that fight against bacteria. These particular compounds are found very precious because they are able to fight a bacteria resistant to existing medication. Staphylococcus aureus is the stubborn bacteria. It is resistant to Methicillin.

Staphylococcus aureus causes different infections including furuncles and staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. The latter usually occurs in infants. Someone can get infection by touching pus that is infected with the bacteria staphylococcus aureus. The bacteria can also cause septic arthritis, especially for people using prosthetics. Among the most serious infections caused by staphylococcus aureus is the infection of the valves of the heart. In medical terms it is called staphylococcal endocarditis.

Phellinus igniarius (syn. Phellinus trivialis ) is a fungus of the family of Hymenochaetaceae. Like other members of the genus of Phellinus it lives by saprotrophic nutrition, in which the lignin and cellulose of a host tree is degraded and is a cause of white rot. Common names are Willow bracket and Fire spongeThe fungus forms perennial fruiting bodies that rise as woody-hard, hoof or disc-shaped brackets from the bark of the infested living tree or dead log. The tree species is often willow but it may be commonly found on birch and alder and other broad leafed trees.The top is covered with a dark, often cracked crust, a stem is present only in its infancy. Unlike most fungi it has a hard woody consistency and may persist for many years, building a new surface layer each year. It was prized as kindling material.

Phellinus igniarius is a different species of mushroom from Phellinus linteus and the second most biologically active Phellinus species known of. Although not recorded to be as potent as Phellinus linteus, modern research reveals the presence of many beneficial compounds inside Phellinus igniarius natural fruiting body with a variety of useful health applications.

Phellinus in History

Phellinus linteus has been revered as herbal medicines for thousands of years in China and Japan. Emperors of the great Chinese Dynasties and Japanese royalty drank tea and concoctions made from Phellinus linteus for vitality and long life.

In ancient Chinese History, the first emperor of China, Emperor Qin Shi Huang, in 220 B.C. sent 3000 boys and girls to Japan’s outlying islands to search for a kind of lingzhi believed to be the elixir of eternal youth: Phellinus linteus. The 2000 years old medical book: Shen Nong’s Herbal classic (considered today as the oldest book on oriental herbal medicine), classifies 365 species of roots, grass, woods, furs, stones and animals that can be used in natural remedies and divides them into 3 catagories. The first category, called superior, includes herbs effective for multiple diseases and mostly responsible for maintaining and restoring the body balance. They have no unfavorable side effects.

The second category, average, comprises tonics and boosters and their consumption must not be prolonged. The third category, inferior, may only be taken in small dosages and for specific ailments. This category includes some poisonous herbs. In this classification system, Phellinus linteus is ranked number one in the superior medicines category, exalted since ancient times for its absence of side effects and many applications, especially for perceived youthfulness and longevity. All observations in traditional usage showed Phellinus linteus is safe to be consumed in high dosages, as well as in parallel with other remedies. As a result from knowledge accumulated through 4000 years of human observation, traditional Chinese medicial practice asserts that health can be maintained by sustaining the right balance within the body. This system classifies disease as an imbalance somewhere within our body and treatment aims to restore balance through a combination of nutrition, medicinal herbs, exercise and mental peace. In other words, a disease is believed to be just the tip of the iceberg, the result of a bigger underlying imbalance of the body which must be restored. Centuries-old useage from traditional doctors shows us that the Sang Hwang was also used as a diagnostics tool of sorts, providing early detection and action against health issues inside the patients’ body that attending doctors were not yet aware of. They believed that if the patient experienced a strong flare-up or inflammatory reaction after taking Sang Hwang an a part of the body, it was an indicator of a problem that might not have yet revealed itself. In the 16th century pharmacopoeia: Pen Tsao Kang Mu, which contains hundreds of medicines the Chinese have used for thousand years, compiler Le Shih – Chen described the uses of Sang Hwang. It positively affected the life energy or qi of the heart, repairing the chest area and benefiting those with a knotted and right chest. He wrote that it also increased intellectual capacity and banished forgetfulness. He wrote that “taken over a long period of time, ability of the body would not cease and the years would be lengthened to those of the immortal fairies.”


  1. Antitumor activity of some basidiomycetes, especially Phellinus linteus. Ikekawa et al. Jpn J Cancer Res. 1968;59:155-157
  2. A medicinal mushroom: Phellinus linteus. Zhu T, Kim S.H, Chen C.Y. Curr Med Chem. 2008;15(13):1330-5.
  3. Dramatic remission of hormone refractory prostate cancer achieved with extract of the mushroom, Phellinus linteus. Shibata Y, Kurita S, Okugi H, Yamanaka H. Urol Int. 2004;73(2):188-90.
  4. Spontaneous regression of a large hepatocellular carcinoma with skull metastasis. Nam S.W, Han J.Y, Kim J.I, Park S.H, Cho S.H, Han N.I, Yang J.M, Kim J.K, Choi S.W, Lee Y.S, Chung K.W, Sun H.S. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005;20(3):488-92.
  5. A case of spontaneous regression of hepatocellular carcinoma with multiple lung metastases. Kojima H, Tanigawa N, Kariya S, Komemushi A, Shomura Y, Sawada S, Arai E, Yokota Y. Radiat Med. 2006;24(2):139-42.
  6. Modulation of lung cancer growth arrest and apoptosis by Phellinus Linteus. Guo J, Zhu T, Collins L, Xiao Z.X, Kim S.H, Chen C.Y. Mol Carcinog. 2007;46(2):144-54.
  7. Phellinus linteus sensitises apoptosis induced by doxorubicin in prostate cancer. Collins L, Zhu T, Guo J, Xiao Z.J, Chen C.Y. Br J Cancer. 2006;95(3):282-8.
  8. Phellinus linteus activates different pathways to induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. Zhu T, Guo J, Collins L, Kelly J, Xiao Z.J, Kim S.H, Chen C.Y. Br J Cancer. 2007;96(4):583-90.
  9. Phellinus linteus suppresses growth, angiogenesis and invasive behaviour of breast cancer cells through the inhibition of AKT signalling. Sliva D, Jedinak A, Kawasaki J, Harvey K, Slivova V. Br J Cancer. 2008;98(8):1348-56.
  10. Effect of various natural products on growth of bladder cancer cells: two promising mushroom extracts. Konno S, Alt Med Rev. 2007;12(1):63-68
  11. Acidic polysaccharide from Phellinus linteus inhibits melanoma cell metastasis by blocking cell adhesion and invasion. Han S.B, Lee C.W, Kang J.S, Yoon Y.D, Lee K.H, Lee K, Park S.K, Kim H.M. Int Immunopharmacol. 2006;6(4):697-702.
  12. The inhibitory effect of polysaccharide isolated from Phellinus linteus on tumor growth and metastasis. Han B, Lee C.W, Jeon Y.J, Hong N.D, Yoo I.D, Yang K.H, Kim H.M. Immunopharmacology. 1999;41:157-164
  13. Oral administration of proteoglycan isolated from Phellinus linteus in the prevention and treatment of collagen-induced arthritis in mice. Kim G.Y, Kim S.H, Hwang S.Y, Kim H.Y, Park Y.M, Park S.K, Lee M.K, Lee S.H, Lee T.H, Lee J.D. Biol Pharm Bull. 2003;26(6):823-31.
  14. Antiarthritic activity of a Polysaccharide-protein complex isolated from Phellinus rimosus (Berk.) Pilát (Aphyllophoromycetideae) in Freund’s complete adjuvant−induced arthritic rats. Meera C.R, Smina T.P, Nitha B, Mathew J, Janardhanan K.K. Int J Med Mushr. 2009;11(1):21-28
  15. Alleviation of experimental septic shock in mice by acidic polysaccharide isolated from the medicinal mushroom Phellinus linteus. Kim G.Y, Roh S.I, Park S.K, Ahn S.C, Oh Y.H, Lee J.D, Park Y.M. Biol Pharm Bull. 2003;26(10):1418-23.
  16. Stimulation of humoral and cell mediated immunity by polysaccharide from mushroom Phellinus linteus. Kim H.M, Han S.B, Oh G.T, Kim Y.H, Hong D.H, Hong N.D, Yoo I.D. Int J Immunopharmac. 1996;18(5):295-303
  17. Phellinus linteus extract augments the immune response in Mitomycin C-induced immunodeficient mice. Matsuba S, Matsuno H, Sakuma M, Komatsu Y. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2008;5(1):85-90.6.
  18. Phellinus linteus grown on germinated brown rice suppresses IgE production by the modulation of Th1/Th2 balance in murine mesenteric lymph node lymphocytes. Lim B.O, Jeon T.I, Hwang S.G, Moon J.H, Park D.K. Biotechnol Lett. 2005;27(9):613-7.
  19. Inhibition of anaphylaxis-like reaction and mast cell activation by water extract from the fruiting body of Phellinus linteus. Choi Y.H, Yan G.H, Chai O.H, Lim J.M, Sung S.Y, Zhang X, Kim J.H, Choi S.H, Lee M.S, Han E.H, Kim H.T, Song C.H. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006;29(7):1360-5.
  20. Inhibitory effects of Agaricus blazei on mast cell-mediated anaphylaxis-like reactions. Choi Y.H, Yan G.H, Chai O.H, Choi Y.H, Zhang X, Lim J.M, Kim J.H, Lee M.S, Han E.H, Kim H.T, Song C.H. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006;29(7):1366-71.
  21. Chinese Pharmacopoeia, 2010. Beijing:Chinese Medicine Science and Technology Publishing House

The post Grades of Sang Hwang – Phellinus Linteus and Phellinus Igniarius appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Cucumber for Dogs https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2017/06/14/duck-gizzards-for-dogs/ Wed, 14 Jun 2017 15:24:52 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=4257 The post Cucumber for Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


Cucumber for Dogs

What is CKD Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is defined as kidney disease that has been present for months to years. Chronic renal disease (CRD), chronic renal failure (CRF), and chronic renal insufficiency refer to the same condition.

CKD is not a single disease. There are many different causes of CKD but by the time the animal shows signs of kidney disease the cause may no longer be apparent. Some potential causes of CRF include:

  • congenital malformation of the kidneys (birth defects)
  • chronic bacterial infection of the kidneys with or without kidney stones (pyelonephritis)
  • high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • diseases associated with the immune system (e.g. glomerulonephritis, systemic lupus))
  • acute kidney disease, for example poisoning with antifreeze, that damages the kidneys can lead to CKD

One of the things we deal with CKD with our own dog is overall weakness from low blood potassium.


The post Cucumber for Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Cat’s Claw for Dogs https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2017/03/03/cats-claw-dogs/ Thu, 02 Mar 2017 16:35:14 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=3951 The post Cat’s Claw for Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


Supplementing Cat’s Claw in Pet’s Diet

What is Cat’s Claw?

Cat’s claw is a plant. There are two species of cat’s claw, Uncaria tomentosa and Uncaria guianensis, which are of primary interest for use as medicine. Uncaria tomentosa is most commonly used in the U.S., and Uncaria guianensis is typically used in Europe.

Medicine is made from the root and bark. Cat’s claw was ranked as the seventh most popular herb in U.S. sales in 1997. Be careful not to confuse cat’s claw with cat’s foot.

Cat’s claw is most commonly used for improving symptoms of both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is also used for various digestive system disorders including swelling and pain (inflammation) of the large intestine (diverticulitis), inflammation of the lower bowel (colitis), inflammation of the lining of the stomach (gastritis), stomach ulcers, hemorrhoids, and leaky bowel syndrome.

Some people use cat’s claw for viral infections including shingles (caused by herpeszoster), cold sores (caused by herpes simplex), and AIDS (caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)).Cat’s claw is also used for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), wound healing, parasites, Alzheimer’s disease, asthma, hay fever, cancer (especially urinary tract cancer), a particular type of brain cancer called glioblastoma, gonorrhea, dysentery, birth control, bone pains, and “cleansing” the kidneys.

Some other names for Cat’s Claw are Griffe du Chat, Liane du Pérou, Life-giving Vine of Peru, Samento, Uña de Gato, Uncaria guianensis, Uncaria tomentosa.

What is in Cat’s Claw?

Uncaria tomentosa (Willd. ex Schult.) DC. (Rubiaceae) popularly known as cat’s claw or “Uña de Gato”, is a woody vine native to the Amazon rainforest and widely dispersed through other tropical areas of South and Central America.1,2 Paired hook-like thorns rising from outstanding peduncles have originated its common name.2 The cat’s claw bark has been used in the Asháninka medicine for over two thousand years.2 Hitherto the main bioactive compounds that were recognized are: (I) oxindole alkaloids, mainly tetracyclic (TOA) and pentacyclic oxindole alkaloids (POA);1,2 (II) quinovic acid glycosides (QAG),1,3 and (III) polyphenols (PPH) such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins.1,4 Immunostimulant, antiviral, antitumor, anti-mutagenic, and anti-inflammatory activities have been ascribed to the pentacyclic oxindole alkaloids,1,2,5 but also to flavonoids and proanthocyanidins,68 and quinovic acid glycosides from cat’s claw stem bark.1,9 Owing to the still incipient status of cat’s claw forest management, the stem bark is collected mostly from wild populations.10,11 This would appear to explain the chemical heterogeneity often reported among samples from different geographic origin, climate conditions, and plant growth conditions.2,10,12,13 A further explanation of this heterogeneity probably involves the influence of different types of extraction; including drying and separation procedures used in cat’s claw extracts and derived products. Indeed, previous studies showed that cat’s claw oxindole alkaloid isomerization can take place under mild process conditions such as those found in turbo-extraction, static maceration, and spray drying despite the very transient thermal effect.14,15 Conversely, dynamic maceration and ultrasound-assisted extraction seem to be two techniques of choice aiming to preserve the original cat’s claw oxindole alkaloid profile.14 Exploratory multivariate analyses, such as principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), have been applied increasingly to establish relevant but sometime hidden relationships between variables and observations in rather complex systems, including plants.1618      


  • If your dog or cat has low blood pressure the use of Cat’s Claw may further lower blood pressure;
  • If your dog or cat has leukemia do not give him/her Cat’s Claw;
  • If your dog or cat has lupus, do not give him/her Cat’s Claw;
  • Stop giving Cat’s Claw two (2) weeks prior to a scheduled surgery


  • Medications changed by the liver;
  • Medications for high blood pressure;
  • Medications that decrease the immune system (i.e. corticosteroid medicines, cyclosporine, prednisone, etc.) as Cat’s Claw is an immune system booster and contains natural cortisone.


1.  Heitzman, M. E.; Neto, C. C.; Winiarz, E.; Vaisberg, A. J.; Hammond, G. B.; Phytochemistry 2005, 66, 5. [ Links ]

2.  Keplinger, K.; Laus, G.; Wurm, M.; Dierich, M. P.; Teppner, H.; J. Ethnopharmacol. 1999, 64, 23. [ Links ]

3.  Pavei, C.; Kaiser, S.; Verza, S. G.; Borré, G. L.; Ortega, G. G.; J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 2012, 62, 250. [ Links ]

4.  Pavei, C.; Kaiser, S.; Borré, G. L.; Ortega, G. G.; J. Liq. Chromatogr. Relat. Technol. 2010, 33, 1. [ Links ]

5.  Kaiser, S.; Dietrich, F.; De Resende, P. E.; Verza, S. G.; Moraes, R. C.; Morrone, F. B.; Battastini, A. M. O.; Ortega, G. G.; Planta Med. 2013, 79, 1413. [ Links ]

6.  Bors, M.; Bukowska, B.; Pilarski, R.; Gulewicz, K.; Oszmianski, J.; Michaowicz, J.; Koter-Michalak, M.; Food Chem. Toxicol. 2011, 49, 2202. [ Links ]

7.  Caon, T.; Kaiser, S.; Feltrin, C.; Carvalho, A.; Sincero, T. C. M.; Ortega, G. G.; Simões, C. M. O.; Food Chem. Toxicol. 2014, 66, 30. [ Links ]

8.  Lenzi, R. M.; Campestrini, L. H.; Okumura, L. M.; Bertol, G.; Kaiser, S.; Ortega, G. G.; Gomes, E. M.; Bovo, F.; Zawadzki-Baggio, S. F.; Stevan-Hancke, F. R.; Maurer, J. B. B.; Food Res. Int. 2013, 53, 767. [ Links ]

9.  Dietrich, F.; Kaiser, S.; Rockenbach, L.; Figueiró, F.; Bergamin, L. S.; Cunha, F. M.; Morrone, F. B.; Ortega, G. G.; Battastini, A. M. O.; Food Chem. Toxicol. 2014, 67, 222. [ Links ]

10.  Torrejón, G. D.; Martín, J. J. G.; Loayza, D. G.; Alanoca, R.; Revista de la Sociedad de Química del Perú 2010, 76, 271. [ Links ]

11.  Torrejón, G. D.; Uña de gato y producción sostenible, 1st ed., Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina Publifor: Lima, 1997. [ Links ]

12.  Laus, G.; Brossner, D.; Keplinger, K.; Phytochemistry 1997, 45, 855. [ Links ]

13.  Luna-Palencia, G. R.; Huerta-Heredia, A. A.; Cerda-García-Rojas, C. M.; Ramos-Valdivia, A. C.; Biotechnol. Lett. 2013, 35, 791. [ Links ]

14.  Kaiser, S.; Verza, S. G.; Moraes, R. C.; De Resende, P. E.; Barreto, F.; Pavei, C.; Ortega, G. G.; Quim. Nova 2013, 36, 808. [ Links ]

15.  Pavei, C.; Borré, G. L.; Kaiser, S.; Ortega, G. G.; Lat. Am. J. Pharm. 2011, 30, 608. [ Links ]

16.  Brereton, R. G.; Chemometrics: Data analysis for the laboratory systems and chemical plants, 1st ed., John Wiley & Sons Ltda: Chichester, 2003. [ Links ]

17.  Hair, J. F.; Anderson, R. E.; Tatham, R. L.; Black, W. C.; Análise multivariada de dados, 5th ed., Bookman: Porto Alegre, 2005. [ Links ]

18.  Gad, H. A.; El-Ahmady, S. H.; Abou-Shoer, M. I.; Al-Azizi, M. M.; Phytochem. Anal. 2013, 24, 1; Besten, M. A.; Nunes, D. S.; Wisniewski, A. J.; Sens, S. L.; Granato, D.; Simionatto, E. L.; Scharf, D. R.; Dalmarco, J. B.; Quim. Nova 2013, 36, 1096; Martins, G. F.; Pereira, M. D. P.; Lopes, L. M. X.; da Silva, T.; Vieira e Rosa, P. T.; Barbosa, F. P.; Messiano, G. B.; Krettli, A. U.; Quim. Nova 2014, 37, 281. [ Links ]

19.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles. http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/counprof/Peru/Peru.htm accessed on December 2013. [ Links ]

20.  Kaiser, S.; Verza, S. G.; Moraes, R. C.; Pittol, V.; Peñaloza, E. M. C.; Pavei, C.; Ortega, G. G.; Ind. Crops Prod. 2013, 48, 153. [ Links ]

21.  United States Pharmacopeia, 37th ed., U.S. Pharmacopeia: Rockville, 2014. [ Links ]

22.  Van Ginkel, A.; Phytother. Res. 1997, 10, 9. [ Links ]

23.  Zhou, J.; Zhou, S.; J. Ethnopharmacol. 2010, 132, 15. [ Links ]

24.  Laus, G.; Keplinger, D.; J. Chromatogr. A 1994, 662, 243. [ Links ]

25.  Shellard, E. J.; Houghton, P. J.; Planta Med. 1974, 25, 80. [ Links ]

The post Cat’s Claw for Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Duck Gizzards for Dogs https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2017/03/02/duck-gizzards-dogs/ Wed, 01 Mar 2017 17:48:33 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=3918 The post Duck Gizzards for Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


Duck Gizzards (Organ Meat) for Dogs

An underlooked food and yet necessary for our pets

Compared to regular cuts of muscle meat, organ meats are more densely packed with just about every nutrient, including heavy doses of B vitamins such as: B1, B2, B6, folic acid and vitamin B12.

Organ meats are loaded with minerals that are not found in many food such as phosphorus, iron, copper, magnesium and iodine, and they provide important fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. It is important to note that animals raised outside on grass contain even higher levels of these essential nutrients than their grain-fed counterparts.

Organ meats also contain high amounts of the essential fatty acids such as arachidonic acid, and omega-3 fats, including EPA and DHA. Despite popular belief, fish and fish oils are not the only source of the important EPA and DHA… organ meats are loaded with these important nutrients.


A 1-cup serving of chopped, cooked chicken gizzard contains 223 calories, 44 grams of protein and 4 grams of fat, including 1 gram of saturated fat. This serving provides you with 88 percent of the daily value for protein, which your body uses for forming new cells and as a source of energy.


Gizzards are a good source of vitamins, with each serving providing 1.5 micrograms of vitamin B-12, or 25 percent of the DV; 4.5 milligrams of niacin, or 23 percent of the DV; and 0.3 milligram of riboflavin, or 18 percent of the DV. Vitamin B-12 is essential for brain function and forming red blood cells and DNA. You need niacin for improving circulation, producing hormones and supporting proper nervous system function, and riboflavin is important for antioxidant function, producing energy and keeping your skin and hair healthy.


Eating gizzards will also increase your mineral consumption, as each serving provides 6.4 milligrams of zinc, or 43 percent of the DV; 4.6 milligrams of iron, or 26 percent of the DV; and 274 milligrams of phosphorus, or 27 percent of the DV. Zinc helps form DNA and proteins and is involved with wound healing and immune function. You need iron for forming red blood cells and producing energy, and phosphorus is essential for muscle, nerve and heart function.


Consume gizzards in moderation, as a 1-cup serving is very high in cholesterol, containing 536 milligrams, which is more than the recommended limit of 300 milligrams per day for healthy humans (this is calculated based on a 70kg person). Common preparation methods include simmering in water for soups, broiling and frying. Cook gizzards to an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit for food safety reasons.


It is rather difficult to get this from supermarkets and wet markets. You can order it online from Fidelis Meat Singapore.


The post Duck Gizzards for Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Singapore Guide Dogs https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2017/02/22/singapore-guide-dogs/ Wed, 22 Feb 2017 13:06:16 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=3912 The post Singapore Guide Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


What exactly are guide dogs?

Guide dogs, (also known as service animals or assistance animals), are assistance dogs trained to lead blind and visually impaired people around obstacles.

Although the dogs can be trained to navigate various obstacles, lots of them are (red–green) color blind and are not capable of interpreting street signs. The human does the directing, based on skills acquired through previous mobility training. The handler might be likened to an aircraft’s navigator, who must know how to get from one place to another, and the dog is the pilot, who gets them there safely.

In several countries, guide dogs, along with most service and hearing dogs, are exempt from regulations against the presence of animals in places such as restaurants and public transportation.

singapore guide dogs for blind visual disabled


  1. Guide dogs are legally permitted to travel on all public transport.
  2. They are also allowed to enter food establishments including halal restaurants.
  3. They are trained to relieve themselves on command.
  4. Most guide dogs are Labradors and Golden Retreivers or crosses of both because of their extremely mild temperament and eagerness to work.
  5. A guide dog needs to focus on its job, so please do not distract it when it’s on duty.

According to Mr. S. Satish Apoo, the National Environment Agency’s Director of Environmental Health, he stated clearly that Guide Dogs are the only animals allowed in food outlets as long as they are on a leash and kept at the owner’s side at all times. This is in a response to a complaint published by “My Paper”.


Discriminating a visually impaired person with a guide dog is no diference of discriminating a blind person who is on a walking stick. In most developed countries, people have accepted guide dogs as they have accepted people on wheelchairs, walking sticks, crutches or hearing aids.

When we hear people passing remarks “Yucks, that is a dirty dog, why are there in here”. Many do not realize, a guide dog is the pair of eyes for the visually impaired, and entering eateries or taking a public transport is not just a privilege, it is civil and human rights.

If you feel discomfortable with the idea, you should maintain a distance or keep a distance. There is really no reason to comment nor complain. And honestly, the dog is probably more well-behaved and well-manner to those who simply complain without bearing a single ounce of consideration for the blind person.

For more information on Singapore Guide Dogs, please visit http://www.guidedogs.org.sg

The post Singapore Guide Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

Harness or Collars for Walking Your Dogs https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2016/11/11/harness-collars-walking-dogs/ Thu, 10 Nov 2016 16:07:12 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=2998 The post Harness or Collars for Walking Your Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


Which is better for Your Dog? The Collar or The Harness

Have you ever wonder if the dog collar or harness is better for your pet?

As dog owners in Singapore, we are constantly bombarded with online shopping, Facebook ads Qoo10 and Lazada, product after product recommended for walking our dogs. I cringe when I see dogs choking, coughing, and essentially strangling themselves on walks as a result of their collars. While prong and choke collars are the most obvious offenders, even a flat collar can be damaging to a dog’s neck if the dog hasn’t been properly taught to walk on a loose leash.

Keeping a regular collar (also known as a flat collar) on your dog is must for any dog owner. In addition to a microchip, your dog should be wearing a collar and ID tags at all times. Even the most responsible pet owners might have to face the devastating situation of a lost dog, and your four-legged friend is much more likely to get home to you quickly if he is wearing a collar.

However, a flat collar may not be the ideal choice for everyday walks with your dog. Just one incident of pulling or being jerked back on a collar can cause extensive injuries to a dog’s neck, including a crushed trachea or a fractured vertebrae. Even in more minor cases, the dog can still experience bruising and headaches. One study showed that over 90 percent of dogs in the study that presented with neck injuries were subjected to an owner that pulled or jerked on the lead.

  • Even a dog that pulls lightly can be at risk of neck injuries and other health issues due to damage from a collar.
  • Scared or panicked dogs can quite easily slip out of flat collars.
  • Prong and choke collars carry the highest likelihood of injury and damage to your dog, but even a flat collar can be harmful if you jerk the leash too hard.

Studies have shown that there are many health issues that can be caused from walking your dog on a collar, including:

  • Hypothyroidism, which can be caused from trauma to the thyroid gland in the neck
  • Ear and eye issues as a result of extensive pressure on the neck
  • Behavior problems caused by pain or other physical injuries from the use of a collar

While it is important to keep a flat collar on your dog for identification purposes, it is a good idea to attach the leash to a back-led or chest-led harness rather than the collar.

How Should You Choose the Right Collar or Harness?
You may be overwhelmed with options when it comes to collars and harnesses for your dog. Check out the links below to figure out the best (and worst) options for you and your dog:

  • Head Collars and No-Pull Harnesses
  • Choke and Prong Collars
  • Shock Collars

The post Harness or Collars for Walking Your Dogs appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

The Importance of Canine Physiotherapy https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2016/08/21/importance-canine-physiotherapy/ Sun, 21 Aug 2016 12:24:21 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=2466 The post The Importance of Canine Physiotherapy appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


Why Is Physiotherapy Important for your pet?

Canine rehabilitation (also known as physiotherapy by layman) is an adaptation of human physical therapy techniques to facilitate injured pets by improving quality of life and decreasing pain by helping dogs enhance mobility of muscles and joints. Physical therapy may enhance recovery from injury, surgery, degenerative diseases, age-related diseases, obesity and other orthopedic or neurological conditions.

In recent years, canine rehabilitation has started to extend its scope from curative to preventative care. For instance, improving mobility may drive a reduction in weight which, in turn, may help moderate the impact of age-related issues such as osteoarthritis. Certain other techniques may help maximize physical potential and improve athletic performance in canine sports.

Current Problems with Pet Owners and Pets.

Many pet owners are not educated in the area of physiotherapy and the importance of it for certain breeds and aging dogs. Speaking to some of our friends who are physiotherapist, we realize both human and pet therapist faces the same common problem.

We (either human or pet) are no in severe pain, there is no need to waste money on any physiotherapy. Only should we display signs and symptoms of pain, we might consider physiotherapy.

This is often true for us in the industry. However, one thing to remember is, as humans, when we are in discomfort, we tend to voice out or seek medical attention, worrying that the discomfort will lead to something else. However, for pets, by the time we notice they are limping or in severe pain, it is usually very late into the injury.

Unlike humans, pets are really go at concealing their pain but there are unique signs that they display to inform pet owners about their discomfort. As trained therapist, we often learn to see such signs way in advance.

Each day when we bring our dogs out for their daily walks around our estate, we come across many pets and their owners. 70% of the time, we notice something wrong with their gait (the way the dog walks), which are usually tell tale signs that the pet is heading towards DJD (Degenerative Joint Disease). Unfortunately, most pet owners think that physiotherapist are not as good as their veterinarians and since their dogs are not in pain, there is no need to listen to our nonsense.

– From our Founders of RA Healing Centre.

With the growing demand of pets here in Singapore, many businessmen has ride on the bandwidth to provide local in-breeding of pets. This pets are subjected to harsh living conditions and most of them have some of medical conditions that are passed down to the cute dog you have just purchased from one of our local pet stores.

Most of our first pets are usually from the pet store, hence, it comes with potential needs for canine rehabilitation sometime soon. Over a short period of 3 months, we have seen many Miniature Schnauzers, Poodles, Dachshund, Maltese and Shih Tzu with a various of conditions that requires Physiotherapy. And most of them are not old dogs. They are young active dogs at their prime age of 3 to 5 years old.

And recently, we encounter a neurological disorder in a Golden Retriever (which apparently is also from local breeders) and he was only 3 months old.

Is there anything wrong with these puppies?

Most pet owners will not notice anything wrong with Kylie, a 6 months old puppy. Perhaps you might notice that Kylie is slimmer than most pets (which in this case, it is a good idea to keep Kylie slim). But a trained canine rehabilitation practitioner will catch the problem in his gait, showing signs of Hip Dysplasia. Such mild signs are usually missed out even by trained veteririans as well.

Below is another video of a young puppy suffering from Hip Dysplasia. Notice in the video how Gary (7 months old at the point of time when this video was taken) will skip as he is walking.

I have a small dog so I do not think I am affected!

A fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) is a blockage in a blood vessel in the spinal cord. When such a blockage occurs, an area of the spinal cord dies. An FCE typically results from an injury to the spinal cord caused by jumping or landing awkwardly. It is also sometimes known as a spinal cord stroke. This condition can occur to any breed of dogs, especially Minature Snauchers but we have seen them in Poodles and chihuahua as well

The post The Importance of Canine Physiotherapy appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

The Importance of Omega 3 in Pet’s Diet https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2016/08/20/importance-omega-3-pets-diet/ https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2016/08/20/importance-omega-3-pets-diet/#respond Sat, 20 Aug 2016 15:39:45 +0000 https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/?p=2452 The post The Importance of Omega 3 in Pet’s Diet appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.


The Importance of Omega 3 in Pet’s Diet

Do you really know what you are feeding your pet?

Did you know that fats and oils are a necessary part of a near to complete diet for dogs? A diet that provides about 10-15 percent fat (for normal, healthy adult animals) is best to maintain health. The time when fat in the diet becomes a problem is when animals are allowed to eat too much fat and calories (such as from extra treats and table scraps), without getting enough exercise to balance things out.

Unlike humans, dogs never have to worry about cholesterol levels, as they won’t end up with the same types of health issues humans can from eating a high-fat diet. If fat levels are too low; however, dogs can develop dry, itchy skin and a dull coat. Other problems that can develop include a diminished immune system and other potential health problems such as heart disease and diabetes.

What are Fats?

Fats are a concentrated form of energy that give your dog more than twice the amount of energy as carbohydrates and proteins do. Did you know that fats used in dog foods are highly digestible and are the first nutrients to be used by the body as energy, ahead of protein and carbohydrates.

Fats are made up of building blocks called fatty acids. Fatty acids are named according to their chemical structure and how they are bonded together. There are certain fatty acids that dogs require in their diet because the body cannot make them. These are known as essential fatty acids. These essential fatty acids are divided into two groups called the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Fatty acids in both these groups must be provided in a specifically balanced ratio in the daily diet. In this article, we will concentrate on the importance of using Omega-3.

What do Fats do? Isn’t my dog gonna be obese?

Fats have many important functions in the canine body. Not only do they provide energy, but they are also necessary for the normal development and function of body cells, nerves, muscles, and body tissues. They are important components in the body’s production of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins. Prostaglandins work to reduce inflammation, as well as perform many other important functions in the body.

Fats are part of the reason that dog foods taste good and smell good too (at least to your dog). Fats and oils also give structure to foods. They help the body to absorb certain vitamins called the fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K). Fats and oils in the diet keep your dog’s coat shiny and healthy and are also important in reproduction.

Not every fat or oil is good for our pets, however. The source, quality, and quantity of fat needs to be carefully considered when choosing a quality dog food.

Fatty Acids – Omega 3

Fish oil is probably the most important supplement you can add to your dog’s diet, regardless of what type of diet you feed. EPA and DHA, the omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil, provide widespread benefits, but they are fragile and unlikely to survive storage in bags of kibble, or may be rancid even before being added to pet foods. Krill oil and whole fish also provide EPA and DHA that may be better absorbed, providing similar benefits in smaller doses.


Proven benefits from EPA and DHA include:

  • Improving the coat and skin.
  • Reducing inflammation due to conditions such as arthritis, allergies, and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Regulating the immune system, boosting those that are suppressed and calming overactive immune systems for dogs with allergies or autoimmune diseases.
  • Aiding in mental development of fetuses and puppies, and improving cognitive function in older dogs.
  • Lowering blood pressure and triglycerides.
  • Providing support for dogs with kidney disease, heart disease, and cancer.
  • Promoting weight loss in overweight dogs.

Good quality Omega 3 with a high concentration of EPA and DHA is recommended for most of our dogs going through rehabilitation with us.


Fish oil should be protected from light, heat, and air. Store liquid fish oil in dark bottles in the refrigerator. Purchase amounts that can be used within one or two months to avoid rancidity. If you notice an “off” odor, discard the oil.

Independent agencies have tested many human and pet supplements. None have found mercury, but a few products had unsafe levels of PCBs, provided less EPA or DHA than was shown on the label, or were spoiled. For those concerned about contaminants, look for molecularly distilled products (note the term “pharmaceutical grade” has no legal definition). More concentrated forms, with higher amounts of EPA and DHA per gram, result in lower levels of contaminants.

Liquid fish oil products made for humans often contain flavorings that dogs generally do not like.


Use products made for either humans or dogs. The amount of EPA and DHA in various fish oil preparations varies. Look for concentrated forms when giving high doses so you use smaller amounts of oil.

Healthy dogs can be given 100 to 150 mg EPA and DHA per 10 pounds of body weight daily; dogs who have health problems can be given up to 300 mg per 10 pounds of body weight. One ounce of canned fish with bones (sardines, jack mackerel, pink salmon) averages about 300 mg EPA and DHA combined.

The recommended dosage of liquid fish oil products is often too high, adding unnecessary fat and calories to your dog’s diet. High doses of fish oil can interfere with platelets and lead to increased bleeding, and too much can contribute to rather than reduce inflammation.

Cod liver oil is similar to fish oil, but most products also contain high levels of vitamins A and D (molecular distillation removes these vitamins). For those who feed a homemade diet that does not include much fish, give an amount that provides about 100 IUs of vitamin D per 25 pounds of body weight daily. Do not use high doses of cod liver oil. If additional omega-3 fatty acids are desired, add plain fish oil.

Important Note for Pet Owners

Your Veterinarian Might Not Know This

High fat diets can induce a relative deficiency of vitamin E in dogs. Translated into basic language: when your dog ingests more PUFAs (polyunsaturated fats such as omega-3), they are at risk of a vitamin E deficiency. It acts as a powerful antioxidant, protecting the body from free radicals from added dietary fat.

A supplement with vitamin E in it can help prevent the oxidative damage in omega-3 oil. Not only that, but it may also benefit your dog’s skin health, immune system, osteoarthritis, and more.

The post The Importance of Omega 3 in Pet’s Diet appeared first on Holistic Pet Centre & Canine Rehabilitation Singapore.

https://www.holisticpetcentre.com/2016/08/20/importance-omega-3-pets-diet/feed/ 0